With Ubuntu 16.04LTS (Xenial Xerus), Canonical has introduced incremental improvements to the popular server and cloud versions of its operating system, but if you were looking for exciting changes to desktop Ubuntu, this version isn’t it.
The 16.04 release is an iterative, not necessarily massive improvement. But this is an Long Term Service (LTS) version, which means that there’s a team working on keeping it solid for five years. So, into the next decade, 16.04 gets patched and fixed, as other versions continue to be released on a regular basis.
In this new release, Ubuntu further strays from the RedHat/SUSE/CentOS/Oracle school of software packaging by officially supporting an important new tool: Snap, a package manager.
The second major change is that Ubuntu now allows its installations to use supported ZFS and Ceph filing systems.
Ceph is a filing system of a different feather. Its first stable release coincides with the release of Ubuntu 16.04. What makes it different is that Ceph is not unlike software-based Reduced Array of Inexpensive Disks (RAID) as a software service and filing system.
Ceph can store files and folders in the traditional desktop way, but Ceph can also store as a block device (e.g. arbitrary or standardized chunks of data) or data as objects — all of which are compatible with cloud computing.
Submitted by: Arnfried Walbrecht